The globalisation of music


In the past few decades, globalisation has had various positive impacts on the developing world, such as technological advances and an increase in levels of education, but not all globalisation’s effects have been deemed positive. The major concern in most developing countries is the degradation of people’s culture, as where the preservation of customs and traditions are considered very important.

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Ahmed Kathrada: the history of a humble man


Well-known anti-apartheid activist Ahmed Kathrada passed away last week at the age of 87. The legendary activist, more affectionately known as Uncle Kathy, was one of the most influential political figures in South Africa. Kathrada, Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Govan Mbeki were tried and sentenced to life imprisonment during the Rivonia Trial for acts of sabotage. He spent a total of 26 years in prison for which he served 18 years on Robben Island before he was transferred to Pollsmoor Prison. At the age of 60 he was officially released. Ahmed Kathrada became politically active at a young age and spent most of his life as a steadfast political activist.

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The meaning behind South African national holidays


Everyone enjoys a public holiday, however, not everyone knows the significance that lies behind them. Public holidays serve as reminders of the struggles that South Africa has overcome and the sacrifices that were made by many.


21 March – Human Rights Day

In 1994 when former President Nelson Mandela was elected, Human Rights Day was declared a public holiday. The aim of this day is for South African citizens to commemorate the Sharpeville Massacre and reflect upon their rights.

 1948 was the start of formalised segregation, as this was the year that the National Party came into power. The Native Laws Amendment Act of 1952 stated that all black citizens must carry a reference book as a medium to control the movement of black nationals. Failure to produce this reference book was a punishable crime. This legislation was met with an anti-pass protest on 21 March 1960 by the Pan African Congress (PAC), a breakaway party of the ANC. During this protest at the Sharpeville police station, the police opened fire which resulted in the death of 69 individuals and left 180 wounded. Although it is uncertain what caused the police to open fire, the aftermath of the event was tragic. Mass funerals were held and several marches were led by Phillip Kgosana, the PAC Regional Secretary General. Of these marches, the most significant occurred on 30 March 1960 when Kgosana led a crowd of between 30 000 to 50 000 protestors from Nyanga and Langa to the police headquarters in Caledon Square. The protestors offered themselves up for arrest as they did not have their reference books. A week later, both the PAC and the ANC were banned under the Unlawful Organisations Act of 8 April 1960. The apartheid government implemented this banishment – and other more brutal methods of repression – to silence liberation movements. This ban prompted the ANC and PAC to launch an armed struggle campaign as a new means to fight the apartheid government.

Read more: The meaning behind South African national holidays

Korean culture gone global


Hallyu (The Korean Wave) is a phenomenon which means “Korean flow”. Hallyu is the global spread of South Korean culture. The term was first coined by Chinese journalists during the mid-1990s to describe the growing popularity of Korean entertainment and culture. It originally started in Asia through the success of Korean dramas, which resulted in South Korean television dramas garnering more audiences than American entertainment. Chung Kwangyong, counsellor at the Embassy of the Republic of Korea, said part of this success came from viewers enjoying relatable content that showed “common values such as Confucianism and family loyalty such that the audience could easily access and understand Korean dramas”.

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Interview with Rag Chairperson, Roahan Gouws


For those who do not know, what does Rag do at the University of Pretoria?
Rag is a substructure from [of ] the SRC and it focuses on community engagement. It’s basically the university’s community engagement strcuture that deals with all of the community structures, charities, orphanages. It’s basically the goodwill image of the university outside. It’s there to improve the community as a whole and there to uplift. It’s a completely student-run substructure of the SRC.


Whose idea was it to change some of the elements of Rag? Was it the University or was it the Rag committee?
Usually people affiliate Rag with procession. Procession is gone, not Rag. In the old days it was very easy to accumulate funds due to the floats being outside the university because students did “Blikskud” [begging]. Due to safety reasons; one year it was limited a bit to only certain streets and then it was restricted completely to LC De Villiers [...] so the floats raised no money at all. It still takes a lot of money to build the floats, between us and TuksRes we spend about a million rand a year. It’s not community engagement anymore and that is the reason why Rag is here. It’s a great tradition to have, but […] we can’t fund it anymore. The university has been telling us to do something else. So that is why we as an executive committee took recommendations from management to change the entire format. A lot of the inspiration actually [for the market day] came from Dr Matete Madiba, when she said she visited a market day in Chicago.

Read more: Interview with Rag Chairperson, Roahan Gouws

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Perdeby Poll

What are you doing during the holiday?

Studying - 22.6%
Sleeping - 37.2%
Lying to your mom about doing stuff - 19%
Taking your textbooks on holiday - 21.2%

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